August 9th, 2010


Учим японский

Несколько определений из Japan's Economic Stagnation Is Creating a Nation of Lost Youths
The media in Japan have popularized the phrase kakusa shakai literally meaning gap society.

The Japanese term freeter is a hybrid word that originated in the late 1980s, just as Japan's property and stock market bubbles reached their zenith. It combines the English free and the German arbeiter or worker, and describes a lifestyle that's radically different from the buttoned-down rigidity of the permanent-employment economy: freedom to move between jobs.

The decline of permanent employment has also led to the unraveling of social mores and conventions. The young men who reject their fathers' macho work ethic are derisively called herbivores or grass-eaters because they're uncompetitive and uncommitted to work.

Parasite singles is yet another harsh term for some Japanese youths. It refers to those who never leave home, sparking an almost tragicomical countertrend of Japanese parents who actively seek mates to marry off their parasite single offspring as the only way to get them out of the house.

Even more extreme is hikikomori, or acute social withdrawal a condition in which the young live-at-home person nearly walls himself off from the world by never leaving his room.