Несколько определений из Japan's Economic Stagnation Is Creating a Nation of Lost Youths
The media in Japan have popularized the phrasekakusa shakailiterally meaninggap society.
The Japanese termfreeteris a hybrid word that originated in the late 1980s, just as Japan's property and stock market bubbles reached their zenith. It combines the Englishfreeand the Germanarbeiteror worker, and describes a lifestyle that's radically different from the buttoned-down rigidity of the permanent-employment economy: freedom to move between jobs.
The decline of permanent employment has also led to the unraveling of social mores and conventions. The young men who reject their fathers' macho work ethic are derisively calledherbivoresorgrass-eatersbecause they're uncompetitive and uncommitted to work.Parasite singlesis yet another harsh term for some Japanese youths. It refers to those who never leave home, sparking an almost tragicomical countertrend of Japanese parents who actively seek mates to marry off theirparasite singleoffspring as the only way to get them out of the house.
Even more extreme ishikikomori, oracute social withdrawala condition in which the young live-at-home person nearly walls himself off from the world by never leaving his room.